Oil spills occur in various parts of the world each year. Accidents by large multinational companies often result in large amounts of crude oil entering the sea and then leaving it to spread throughout the environment, contaminating everything in its path. The massive amount of chemicals and sediments that gather along the way also present a huge threat to marine life, both aquatic and land. These chemicals and sediments can be toxic to the human body and in some cases have caused fatal diseases.
The question of how oil spills damage the environment is a difficult one to answer as the extent and the long term effects of the damage caused by oil spills is not easily ascertainable. One thing that can be said however is that the effects of oil and its emissions are capable of causing catastrophic damage to the ecosystems, to marine life and to all forms of living beings. For advice on Contaminated Land Remediation, go to Soilfix
There are many chemical pollutants that are released into the atmosphere as a result of oil and they end up affecting the environment in various ways. Water is contaminated, which leads to an increase in the evaporation of land water which in turn leads to a serious decrease in the oxygen levels in the ocean. This in turn leads to a decline in the productivity of marine life and they are unable to reproduce.
Oil spills do not only affect the ocean and the ecosystems, but they also affect the people living on the surface of the planet. The oil fumes are inhaled and this causes severe respiratory problems for those people who are working nearby or near the area in which the spills take place.